Introduction to Energy Management

No of hours per week: 3  [2 + 1], one term   ECTS: 3

Assistants: Tomislav Pukšec -
  Hrvoje Mikulčić -

Study: undergraduate (BSc) study of mechanical engineering
Course: process and energy
Orientation: energy
Term: V term

Course type:
Elective: for all the other courses/orientatons this subject can be choosen as elective in winter term - problem report on

Wednesdays 11-14h 
According to the needs, lectures and trainings which demand individual computer work will be held on Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Thursdays in separate groups. Groups should have up to 9 students, better students have selecting advantage (those who are regular and with better grades).

Classroom E

To be able to attend the Lectures of Introduction to Energy Management, a student has to have a functioning e-mail, from which he should send a registration for attending lectures on the following email: Also, he should login to Moodle - Introduction to Energy Management:
Without that procedure a student won't be registered as present on the lecutre. [This institution is called "first signature"].

Students should use their regular existing e-mail address, and not to attempt to open new address for course needs.

Knowledge assessment:
continous [colloquy, programs ...]

Type of exercises:

Type of work:

  • interactive work: essays, case studies, smaller tasks
  • invited lectures - every year other lecturers from the field of energy and energy politics
  • computer aided education – every student works on one computer, Word + Excel + Explorer/Firefox + e-mail
  • signature term - report – depends on lecture attending and participance regularity in case studies, essay writing, etc.
  • exam
essays, case studies, report, exam

  Course purpose:
Overview of the energy resources in the World, their use and limitations; familiarise students of mechanical engineering with economic aspects of energy (Energy management), rational use of energy from the economic and ecological aspect and sustainable development from the energy point of view (sustainable development of energy).

Course objective:
Familiarising with the energy resources situation in the World, Europe and Croatia; enabling rational thinking and decision making on energy planning and energy policy; application of basic economic methods for financial evaluation of the energy projects.

  1. Enerpedia - wikiIntroductionToEnergyManagement
  2. Charles M. Gottschalk: Industrial Energy Conservation, UNESCO Energy Engineering Series, John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, UK, 1996
  3. Maxime Kleinepeter: Energy Planning and Policy, UNESCO Energy Engineering Series, John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, UK, 1995
  4. Naim H. Afgan at all., Sustainable development of energy, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Review 2, 235-286, 1998
  5. Goran Granic et al.: Nacionalni energetski programi, Energetski Institut "Hrvoje Pozar", Zagreb, 1998
  6. Damir Pesut et al.: Strategija energetskog razvitka Republike Hrvatske, Ministarstvo gospodarstva Republike Hrvatske, Zagreb, 2002
  7. Goran Granic et al.: Razvitak elektroenergetskog sustava Hrvatske do 2030. godine, Energetski Institut "Hrvoje Pozar", Zagreb, 1998
  8. Subhes C. Bhattacharyya: Energy Economics, Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

URL links:
Exam dates
Survey about the course and the lecturer

  1. Ministry of Science, Education and Sports, Zagreb
  2. Ministry of Economy, Labour and Entrepreneurship, Zagreb
  3. HEP d.d., Zagreb
  4. Energy Institute "Hrvoje Pozar" d.o.o., Zagreb
  5. European Comission, Bruxelles
  6. UNESCO Chair for Sustainable Energy Management, Instituto Superior Técnico, Lisabon, Portugal

Week Lectures   Exercises

1. Energy after Paris
  • Energy and environment. Greenhouse gas emissions. Climate changes.
  • Literature: Enerpedia
  Essay (10 lines to one page, upload on Moodle on the same day): “Energy after Paris – how to reduce CO2 emission in Croatia?”
2. Energy transformations
  • Energy transformations. Electricity production. Thermal power plants. Nuclear power plants. Hydro power plants. Wind power plants. Alternative technologies. Distributed production. Production on islands. Heat production. Cogeneration. Cooling and airconditioning. Trigeneration. Fuel cells and hydrogen. Polygeneration. Oil refining.
  • Literature: Enerpedia

Task: select one of the technology transformations and write or complete an article on, as it is on english version, by using materials from Enerpedia. Take into account author rights for images.

3. Economy and financial evaluation of energy projects
  • Financial evaluation of energy projects I. Introduction. Money flow model. Time value of money. Equipment life span. Equipment cost (price). Project profits and costs.
  • Financial evaluation of energy projects II. Evaluation of project proposals. Systematic economic analysis techniques. Other considerations in investment analysis. Income tax. Depreciation (amortization). Inflation.
  • Literature: Enerpedia
  • Windows Media Player: recorded lecture
    1. part 2. part 

Numerical tasks in Excel

4. Primary energy overview
  • Primary energy. Primary energy forms. Primary energy reserves. Production and trade of primary energy. Primary energy consumption. Primary energy and quality of life. Efficiency of primary energy consumption.
  • Literature: Enerpedia
  • Windows Media Player: recorded lecture 
  Essay (10 lines to one page, upload on Moodle on the same day, 1 to 2 subjects):
“Electricity vs. gas”,
"Advantages and disadvantages of renewable energy sources".
5. Sustainable development of energy
  • literature: Enerpedia
  • Windows Media Player: recorded lecture 
  • Sustainable development of energy. Development models. Technological revolutions. Demographics and resources. Definitions of sustainability. Assessment methods of sustainable development of energy systems. Energy and environment. Emissions in energy sector. Climate change.
  Essay (3-5 pages, upload on Moodle until the next lecture, 1 of 2 subjects):
Main EU messages Energy Green paper and its consequences for Croatia.
Main EU messages Climate action and renewable energy package and its consequences for Croatia.
6. Energy efficiency
  • Final consumption and energy efficiency. Energy in the industry.
  • literature: Enerpedia
  Case studies (Word report and Excel calculation, upload on Moodle in one month time).
Essay (10 lines to one page, upload on Moodle on the same day): e-mail to technical manager.
7. Energy by sectors

Building sector

Transport sector


Case study (Word report and Excel calculation, upload on Moodle in one week time): Evaluation of heating expences for own building with and without heat isolation.

8. Energy system planning
  • Energy system planning. Demographic scenarios. Macroeconomic scenarios. Final consumption scenarios. Power system planning. Energy system planning.
  • literature: Enerpedia
  Numerical tasks in Excel:
GDP comparation growth,
power system budget.
9. Context of Energy politics    
10. Energy markets
  • Energy markets. Why liberalization? Energy in transition. European mutual energy market. Restructuring and liberalization of the energy sector in Croatia. Energy as a business. Energy policy. Transition and European integrations. Security of energy supply. Energy and product competitiveness.
  • literature: Enerpedia
11. Renewable energy sources
  • Renewable energy sources. Hydro power plants. Wind power plants. Geothermal power plants. Biomass and waste power plants. PV. Solar thermal power plants. Waves and tyde power plants. Solar energy. Geothermal energy. Energy storage - independent work (in two groups)
  • Literature: Enerpedia
  • Economic aspects of renewable energy sources
  Wind eletricity production price calculation - Task.
Electricity price calculation gained from the photovoltaic solar plant - Task.
Essay (10 lines to one page, upload on Moodle on same day): “Nuclear energy yes or no?”